To describe the first paediatric case series of Thygesons’ superficial punctate keratitis (TSPK) with management outcomes.
A retrospective chart review was done for all children either diagnosed at initial presentation or referred with TSPK from 01/2012 to 08/2021 at a tertiary children’s hospital. Records were assessed for signs, symptoms, diagnosis, steroid and cyclosporine 0.05% use. The main outcome measures were visual acuity, treatment response and total steroid exposure.
Fifteen children (7 females), mean age at presentation 8 ± 4 years were included. All had bilateral disease and a BCVA of >20/40 in the better eye. All patients received topical fluorometholone 0.1%, (FML) initially. 80% had a good response to FML. Corneal scraping was done to exclude infectious causes in four cases due to poor initial response or clinical suspicion. All 4 needed EUA for scraping and anterior segment OCT, after which 2 had molecularly confirmed TGFBI-related stromal dystrophy. For the rest, slow steroid taper was done every 4–6 weeks and recurrences were treated by increasing steroid frequency. Cyclosporine 0.05% was started in nine patients (69%), 8 ± 6 months after initial presentation. The decrease in total steroid exposure per week after starting cyclosporine was statistically significant (p < 0.05).
Children with TSPK respond quickly to steroids, however, recurrences are common, necessitating a slow taper. Non-response to steroid needs careful reconsideration of the diagnosis and may necessitate the use of an EUA. Using cyclosporine 0.05% reduces the total steroid exposure in TSPK.